Module 1

Module 1: Systematic overview of international scientific evidence on the health of migrant and minority nurses

International studies show that nurses are exposed to various substantial stressors and strains at their workplace, such as back problems, uneven sleep rhythms due to shift work, stress and feelings of overwork due to constant work compression [1-4]. Migrant nurses also experience additional burdens at their workplace like discrimination, verbal assaults by patients and colleagues, limited access to advanced training opportunities and low career progression chances. These can have a lasting negative impact on their psychosocial health [5-8].
So far, there is no systematic review of the current scientific evidence on the health of migrant and minority nurses.

Research question
What do we know about the health of migrant and minority nurses?

Based on a systematic review, international studies describing the physical and mental health of nurses who have migrated themselves or belong to an ethnic minority are included. The search will be conducted in different scientific databases in German and English language.


BYRNS, G.; REEDER, G; JIN, G.; PACHIS, K., Risk factors for work-related low back pain in registered nurses, and potential obstacles in using mechanical lifting devices. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2012. 1 (1), pp. 11-21.

FREITAG, S. et al., Quantitative measurement of stressful trunk postures in nursing professions. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 2007. 51 (4), pp. 385-395.

JANSSENS, H.; CLAYS, E.; DE CLERCQ, B.; DE BACQUER, D.; BRAECKMAN, L. The relation between presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence. Journal of Occupational Health, 2013. 55 (3), pp. 132-141.

MCHUGH, M. D.; KUTNEY-LEE, A.; CIMIOTTI, J. P.; SLOANE, D. M.; AIKEN, L. H., Nurses’ widespread job dissatisfaction, burnout, and frustration with health benefits signal problems for patient care. Health Affairs, 2011. 30 (2), pp. 202-210.

TUTTAS, C. A., Perceived racial and ethnic prejudice and discrimination experiences of minority migrant nurses: a literature review. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 2015. 26 (5), pp. 514-520.

HO KH, CHIANG VC., A meta-ethnography of the acculturation and socialization experiences of migrant care workers. In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2014. 71 (2), pp. 237-254.

AALTO, A. M. et al., Employment, psychosocial work environment and well-being among migrant and native physicians in Finnish health care. European Journal of Public Health, 2014. 24 (3), pp. 445-451.

BOOS-NÜNNING, U. (2006). Berufliche Bildung von Migrantinnen und Migranten. Ein vernachlässigtes Potenzial für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. In: Hentges et al. (Hrsg.). Migrations- und Integrationsforschung in der Diskussion, pp. 255-286.

ARKSEY, H.; O’MALLEY, L., Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2005. 8 (1), pp. 19-32.

LEVAC et al.: Scoping studies: advancing the methodology, Implementation Science, 2010. 5:69.